Finishing ProcessStudyWet Processing

What is Antimicrobial Finish?

Definition, Objectives and Requirements


Textile materials can be a carrier of microorganisms such as pathogenic bacteria, odour generating bacteria and mould fungi. It can be a good meadia for the growth of microorganisms. Antimicrobial finish is given on textile materials to prevent the growth of microorganisms.


  • To avoid cross-infection by pathogenic microorganisms.
  • To control the infestation by microbes.
  • To arrest metabolism in microbes in order to reduce the formation odor.
  • To safeguard the textile products from staining, discoloration and quality deterioration.

Requirements of antimicrobial finish

  • Durability to washing, dry-cleaning and hot pressing.
  • Selective activity to undesirable micro organisms.
  • Should not produce harmful effects to the manufacturer, user and the environment.
  • Should comply with the statutory requirements of regulating agencies.
  • Compatibility with the chemical processes.
  • An easy method of application. No deterioration of fabric quality.
  • Resistant to body fluids; and resistant to disinfection/sterilization.

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